Takt Guide

Using a Takt Plan

How to use a Takt Plan

The Takt plan is used as the:
Therefore the schedule has different layers of detail. It is the basis for all logistical, strategic, and tactical decisions on a project site and should be used in the following meetings:
The key items to notice when using a Takt Plan are:

Why it works

A “Takt” is a multi-dimensional unit for a construction project and enables us to visualize time and space. This format also enables the use of mathematical, scientific, and scalable operations that enable us to plan and execute work in hours and days, not only weeks.
Takt is the basis for production in manufacturing and should also be used for production in construction. Companies in the automotive industry like Toyota or Volkswagen and others are all based on Takt or rate of flow, then pull. “Flow where you can, pull when you can’t”. Takt streamlines the value creation processes and enables all pull systems to efficiently support the Takt-ed production rhythm. Because of this, it creates stability, leveled work and ultimately protects workers.

Here's an overview

Little’s Law:
In construction, Little’s Law teaches us to do the following:
Plan smaller batch sizes
Limit work in process (WIP)
Finish as we go
The Law of Bottlenecks:
The Bottleneck Law has its origin in the Theory of Constraints, created by Dr Eliyahu Goldratt and published in 1984 in his book, The Goal. The law says that every system, regardless of how well it works, has at least one constraint (a bottleneck) that limits performance. This law also states that when the largest constraint is optimized or removed, other bottlenecks will show up in the system.

In construction, The Law of Bottlenecks teaches us to find the process bottlenecks in the system and optimize them.
The Law of the Effect of Variation:
The Law of Variation is defined as the difference between an ideal and an actual situation. Variation or variability is most often encountered as a change in data, expected outcomes, or slight changes in production quality. Variation in construction usually comes from waste, unevenness, or an overburden on resources. To paraphrase Modig’s book again, as variation increases, throughput times or duration increases. That means that as variation increases on our projects, then the project end date will extend. This means that we must see and prevent roadblocks and create standards and consistency. This is only done in a Takt system.
Kingman’s Formula:
There is a mathematical theory of probability known as, Kingman’s formula, also known as the VUT equation. It analyzes the time it takes for a process to move through an area and is determined by how long the process takes, in addition to its resources capacity percentage in addition to the variation it experiences. In construction we learn that we must plan our process durations by area with the consideration of cycle time, capacity and variation. We do this by packaging standard process cycles in a Takt time. Takt does this beautifully with Takt wagons, work packages, and standard work steps. The team can optimize processes within and optimize the system. Takt allows us to optimize process times by area and obey Kingman’s formula.

Additionally, Takt obeys the same production laws that have contributed to the increase in manufacturing productivity over the years. Conversely, not obeying these laws is why construction continues to decrease in productivity from year to year.
Takt Steering & Control
The use of Takt allows accurate and short-cycled control of individual work. Due to the short Takt times, the Takt wagon will be affected immediately, showing potential disruptions that are visible in real-time. The goal at the end of a Takt is that all work is being carried out according to the plan. A completed Takt plan is not a fixed concept. Rather it is an execution plan that is constantly evolving and can become stable and much more predictable than any other type of system. Short-cycled adjustment of a Takt plan is important. This means for example if there is a disruption to a ‘station’ in the work train, an empty Takt (‘buffer wagons’) can be built in, individual work packages and wagons can be shifted to form a ‘catch up plan’. Therefore, short-cycled observations and control of the individual work packages is essential.

Only through this the proportion of reactionary and costly control measures can be reduced. For the overall project this procedure leads to reduced risk due to the achieved stability of processes. Takt Control is responsible for maintaining the necessary stability. Systematic and short-cycled construction control is a significant success factor in the process of construction projects.

All individual contractors become a part of the management process to achieve a continual improvement process. In the stationary industries this is known as Shopfloor Management. In construction practice, Takt meetings are held at the construction control site office or the Takt Control Board. This board documents various information, figures and recommended actions. During daily Takt meetings, led by the site manager, the current working step displayed on the planning board is incorporated and adjusted. The foreman of the different trades participated in that meeting. Thereby this adjustment between the planned working step and the current status is completed for every Takt which allows for short-cycled implementation of the required measures (Kenley und Seppänen 2010, 44-54). The required records and documentation should ideally be undertaken daily together with the subcontractors.
Takt control is the implementation of control methods that create flow on a project site. Below is an outline of approaches that can and should be used to control flow within a Takt-ed system:
In conclusion, the list above details the common strategies and tactics you will use to constantly maintain Takt control within the meeting system.
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